(Of course!) It isn’t about you. (Though naturally, they will put most of the burden for failing, if the project does need more work, on you if they can. Coaching may help to find your way forward. Even if it isn’t absolutely electrifyingly brilliant from the first right through to the last paragraph. He had a heart attack. Furthermore, there has to be a connection from one chapter to another. I thought I would get it done easily in a couple of days. The unwillingness to discuss what they issues are leads me to think that there's something going on that is not related to your thesis. If you were doing a Masters in time management you would have failed straight away, however depending on your course and how good you are at it - you could pass. But keep in mind, you can always appeal to your university for re-checking any unfair corrections that might have occurred. That depends upon the student and how they perceive it. But that’s a different blog post). It is an awful story: my supervisor died in the last year of my PhD. With her qualification in psychological sciences, she has published a couple of articles in renowned journals as well. Sometimes a major flaw might slip passed the chair, but that is rare. This formal-sounding requirement usually comes at the end of a graduate program. It did, but it would’ve been nice if someone would have been there to tell me! And this time it happened with a good cry. What does happen however (sometimes) is that people quit before they start to write. What is the resubmission procedure if I fail my dissertation on the first attempt? If they don't approve of your dissertation, you won't get as far as the defense. What I have learnt about PhDs going off the rails: Universities do not want you to fail your PhD. As always, if you enjoyed this post, could you share it? To understand the procedure and to know what happens if you fail your dissertation on the first attempt, you will generally be given another opportunity to resubmit your dissertation on another given deadline. This is a glimpse of how bad does a dissertation have to be to fail, where following these guidelines are just the basics for passing on the borderline. Your supervisor will not allow you to go forward for your defense unless they feel that your work is defensible; after all it is a poor reflection on them if you do fail. It is no doubt that every year, several students go through a failing dissertation which is a traumatizing experience for anyone. PhDs are uncertain creatures The first thing to note is that feeling a lack of control is normal, [...], I have been working on a free mini course to help you develop excellent work habits (hello to getting those papers written!) A few tips to help dodging them: 1. Failure is possible when it comes to not proposing a proper presentation. That said; from the sound of what you have described, you will have failed … Our top dissertation writing experts are waiting 24/7 to assist you with your university project, from critical literature reviews to a complete masters dissertation. When you fail your dissertation, there is a chance for you to take a reassessment. That varies from university to university and the regulations they might have set forth. But before you start rejoicing, there is something you need to know about this retake. Yet, after waiting outside in the hallway for over 90 minutes, I was certain of it. One of the most interesting and useful observations Mullins and Kiley … Creating and defending my work. When it comes to Ph.D., the dissertation failure rate is about 40% to 50%. Even if you are in a state where you just don’t care anymore and just want to finish, don’t sell yourself short. Oklahoma city bombing school essay. This may be a comforting idea: you will get your title. The truth is, no … All rights reserved, Dissertation PowerPoint Presentation Service, Dissertation Presentation Writing Services. However, if you present your research poorly you may find that the panel will expect you to make extensive changes to your paper or even conduct additional research causing significant delays. I didn’t know whether my work met certain standards. (Well, also because the dissertation itself is what differentiates an MA from a PhD so the MA is like a certification for all the coursework and shorter pieces of writing you successfully completed already.) Some of the common questions asked by students regarding this matter are: You will need to submit a new application in the next semester for your dissertation and repeat the research credit hours all over again from scratch. If you are thinking that what if fail in dissertation writing in the United Kingdom then the most suitable answer is to resit your dissertation. Students with this unfortunate situation will be given another opportunity to re-submit their dissertation within a given deadline. How does it happen? About supervision. Failing your PhD. As with a module failure, the marks awarded for a re-submitted dissertation will usually be capped at a bare pass level. Very interesting subject, thank you for putting up. This was completely unexpected: I hadn't thought about my own PhD for years. When I got appointed a new supervisor for the thesis defence specifically, it all turned around. If the second attempt turns out to be unsuccessful, then you can re-submit your dissertation the next semester of your university. It reflects badly on everyone involved. It will also help you balance the stresses of academic life. Now that's all rather negative. It is worth noting that a complete failure of a dissertation is rare at UK universities, and typically occurs only if a student has neglected to meet with their supervisor at regular intervals, or neglected to submit drafts in advance of the final submission. If you are not satisfied with what your department says, take it to the next level. Self-care included! (It’s the system), Should I quit my PhD? Not much compared to the dissertation failure rate of Ph.D. students. Now it is September, and the light has turned golden, and our gaze is once again firmly on our laptops. Can you resit a dissertation again after the second attempt? They can probably help you arrange another supervisor from another university if necessary. The question arises, are facing such results an opportunity or exhaustive? Essay on use of mobile phones in campus, college scholarship sample essays essay on gandagi mukt mera gaon in 500 words in hindi. Ella James is a Cambridge graduate with +5years of experience in the field of academia. The closest anyone has come is a person who got the defense canceled the day before after the opponent read the thesis and deemed it too bad to defend. If you’ve had a rocky path to your PhD, it will definitely show in your thesis defense. When you are done with your dissertation and need to start your preparation for your defense, it would be easy to start with a script. I was a bit intellectual-love-starved at the time) questions, and criticism, and although he wasn’t an expert in my field, the discussion helped me so much. Let’s be quick here, finding the correct font for dissertation didn’t require any rocket science or assistance from a dissertation. What happens if you fail your dissertation defense. Difficult stretches are par for the PhD course. I was reminded of a passage in that book when I was talking to a PhD researcher about whether or not to continue and finish the project, or alternatively drop the whole thing and embark on something entirely different. However, such situations are rare and are less likely to occur. Universities around the world do facilitate such procedures where you can provide strong evidence to avoid such failure. Hitting a wall and answering the big questions, Five tips to feel more in control of your PhD, New Academic Year Ahead! Also, it is a hell of a lot of work to prove the thesis isn’t where it should be, and committee members are hesitant to take this route… They have other priorities: their own research, most notably. It’s not you! If you fail a dissertation, you will usually be given an opportunity to re-submit it by an agreed-upon date. Hello, I’m Amber Davis. Leave your email to download your copy. Copyright 2018 AMBER DAVIS | All Rights Reserved, Worst Nightmare Scenario: Failing Your PhD (and How Not To), on Worst Nightmare Scenario: Failing Your PhD (and How Not To). These are the basic understanding as to what happens if you fail your dissertation on any academic level. If you’re researching a master’s degree, you’ll likely come across the phrase “thesis defense” among the list of requirements for earning an advanced degree. It is about them. I loved his comments (I really do believe love is the right word here. If you stick around long enough at one point they’ll give it to you.”. It reflects badly on the university. It may feel like your life work; to them, it is something they may simply want off their desk. Separate each section and focus on the major discussion points. 8) Your dissertation will interfere with whatever else you have going on – a social life, sporting commitments, societies, other essay demands. Failing Dissertation. However, the marks awarded for a resubmitted dissertation are usually caped to a minimum passing mark as a penalty to your failure in the first place. Owing to the complexity of understanding the outline of the dissertation , it’s abstract and research methodologies most of the students fail to write a good dissertation. Feeling a lack of control is the twin sister of feeling helpless, and the two of them are not the cheeriest of company. It is an introduction to implementing the worksheet, which will help you: Create a work (and self-care) routine that is [...], Sometimes synchronicity happens. If you are on the brink of failure over your final year research, then don’t worry, you are not alone. The Best Bank for Student Loans in UK 2021, what happens if you fail your dissertation, How To Say Thank You To The Coronavirus Helpers, How to Write Dissertation Acknowledgements. Ehm, not so. Use the ZenAcademic worksheet to create your optimal workday. Really, really sad. It reflects badly on them. Many get motivated by their failures while others do breakdown and cry. You might pass, you might not - it depends upon your actual ability. Yet these theses do tend to pass. You’ve already done the most difficult bit. (Especially once it’s done!!). If there’s a graduate school, escalate your complaint to them. The dissertation supervisor is the key to achieving a passing grade. It isn’t about you. It is a tragic situation. I have worked with PhDs and ECRs pretty much all over the world, and I’d be delighted to work with you. Sometimes I feel like a broken record when I am talking about writing a PhD: no matter what you may be struggling with, I am likely to reply: “It’s not you!” Most PhDs at some point or another think there must be something wrong with them (this once included myself), or with what they are doing, that otherwise they wouldn’t be struggling as much. Then when that wears off the realisation that writing an authoritative piece on a [...], Have you read Joan Bolker’s “Writing your dissertation in 15 minutes a day”? As this was the second reading by the reviewers, as per regulations, I am withdrawn from the program. Kalpana chawla story essay in english end essay college defense dissertation you happens if fail What your. And New Free Mini Course. If you don’t have much support and interaction, it has to change. Structure is crucially important in making your dissertation succeed. Thesis/dissertation proposal often serve as a contract between the the committee and the student. What happens? Write your introduction first. I can’t think of many things worse, as far as PhDs go. The ZenAcademic Worksheet (which you can find on my free resources page) now comes with a free mini course! Feel like you’re underperforming? Yet again, it is not wise to disturb your supervisor over and over again so don’t be shy to seek help from your friends, or anyone professional. Academia is a challenging environment to perform and feel well in, most of the time. con nuestro foco en: Animals should have rights essay apa descriptive essay. Leave your details below to download the ZenAcademic worksheet and get access to all my other free resources. It is not in their interest to make you fail. If you skip this, because you are lazy, fed up or out of time or money, and you have supervisors who are also lazy and busy, and don’t care so much, you may end up in a situation where the external examiner gives the thumbs down. Your PhD will pass. but wanted to wait until I was sure the holidays were over. Ideally after the issues in June you should have chosen low hanging fruit for your last ditch effort of improving someone elses' suite. At some universities, getting an MA is exactly what happens when you fail your PhD defence. In one way my situation was similar to the one outlined above is I had no-one actively involved, due to circumstances (one of which was that one of my supervisors passed away, the other that I was finishing my PhD long-distance), and it was entirely disorienting. No one prepared me for the worst possible outcome of a dissertation defense: Failure. Essay about my best book What defense if dissertation your you fail happens, samples of abstract in research paper, enron whistleblowing case study how to write an essay about world literature sample rubric for reflective essay essay related to science and technology. They are out there. Do you have absent supervisors, and no idea where you stand? The key is to follow all the advice of your supervisor as they usually carry most of the dissertation mark weightage. I failed my dissertation on the second attempt so is it possible to re-submit again? Your committee's refusal to work with you leads me further in that direction. This may be caused due to not having a strong enough literature review, research methods, variables, or the research statement itself. How to write a powerful introduction for an essay essay questions for operations management how many thesis statements in an essay how long does it take to research and write a 1500 word essay : grameen bank of bangladesh case study essay about your life experience . It’s the part you have to do, the intellectual part, and it is (hopefully) the satisfying part. View different varieties of dissertation topics and samples on multiple subjects for every educational level. The submission of hard copy needs to be structured properly with relevant and up-to-date citations used within the plagiarism percentage criteria. Structure can be your guarantee no. It flourishes when you divide your dissertation in clear chapters. Go and find them, or let others help you find them. That is if you are lucky/ unlucky enough (strike through as appropriate) for them to care enough to do so. What are the chances of failing an undergraduate dissertation? It will help you focus, prioritise, and get work done. The Stress-Free PhD Programme will help you increase your productivity, re-ignite your inspiration and lower your stress levels. Take this to heart. Within deadlines, preferably. Without a connection, the judging panel might find it difficult to understand which can lead to rejection. So it is time for an announcement! What I have learnt about PhDs going off the rails: Universities do not want you to fail your PhD. At that level, you’re doing your research and writing the dissertation under the tutelage of a professor who acts as your supervisor and mentor. if you have failed your dissertation because you will be given the opportunity to resubmit it by the deadline agreed upon by yourself and the university. You only defend your dissertation when you and your supervisor feel it’s time. And there were quite a few moments while I was writing where I thought back at my PhD, because hey I remembered this feeling! Some don’t even make it to their final defense and are rejected over their proposal presentation. And I did fear the scenario that perhaps one of the committee members would request a million modifications that would go against my ideas, or would be diametrically opposed to comments of the other professors. It is about them. With a figure like this of Ph.D. students who are comparatively professionals at what they do, think about the failed undergraduate dissertation rates that students might go through every year. This is a student’s guide to achieve perfection, let alone just passing. Without too much work or hassle. Kannada essay on vishwa parisara dinacharane. To have a say, it should be taken no less than an opportunity to improve. I appreciate it! Her supervisors had approved the thesis, but a member of the committee rejected it, rightfully so as far as I can gather, judging from the report that spans over a thirty pages of why the thesis is lacking and needs at least a year’s more work. It took me a week-and-a half before I was satisfied. The beginning where you sit down and think: oh, this is going to be so interesting. Even if there are obvious flaws (which there will be, there always are, and that is perfectly OK. They want to hear from you. This is why it is important to think of the defense as an opportunity to share your findings rather than an attack by committee members to discount your research. Avoid delaying as it might become last-minute trouble to fix. Become the proverbial squeaky wheel. Every help should be taken from the supervisors as they have the academic insider of all the do’s and don’t. I have recently been a remote witness of a behind-the-scenes-drama: a PhD candidate who received a rejection from an external examiner. 3 for making sure you fail the dissertation. Pass fail grading system essay social distancing and covid 19 essay. The first thing your lit review on that software suite should have contained is a list of potential pitfalls or limitations of the software and rough ideas on improvements. What Happens If You Fail Your Dissertation? If your work isn’t up to snuff your supervisor will not allow you to submit your dissertation for review and defense. However, it is required to complete the full credit hours of the final dissertation again. Do you have absent supervisors, and no idea where you stand? Most chairs won't let a student defend unless he/she is relatively sure that it will pass (with corrections) at least. It also made me realise how much I had been missing out. And I was suddenly sad about it. Get an expert writer for your academic paper, Take a look at samples for quality assurance, Enhance academic information and boost knowledge, Get a native to improve your language & writing, Enjoy quality dissertation help on any topic, Date published December 02 2020 by Ella James. Essay editing software What happens defense you dissertation if your fail essay parts definitions. Orders completed by our expert writers are, © 2020 dissertationproposal. The passage in Bolker’s book goes as follows: “There’s another kind of hitting the wall that sometimes happens to thesis writers: you feel an impossible barrier between you and the finish line, the bottom falls out of your hopefulness and ambition, and your spirits border on despair and [...], PhDs are slow and slippery projects, it is not at all uncommon for them to feel completely out of control, at some or many stages of the process. Let me help you write a more inspired, more productive and happier PhD. Look for immediate help to overcome minor research issues. When I returned to Florence for my PhD defence a professor complained to me about the people who received a PhD who absolutely definitely shouldn’t have passed. I was surprised by how much I enjoyed this process, defining my own choices. A few weeks ago I found myself walking through the park - the Amsterdam Vondelpark (far too touristy) - in tears. At the end of your defense there's this weird part when you, and anyone not on the committee, will be asked to step out of the room. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hello gradcafe netizens, I recently received news that my revised thesis was not recommended to proceed to oral defense--essentially I failed. How “Dissertation Proposal” Can Help You! “What happens if I fail my dissertation?” is a common question. As is so often the case when you have a number of academics commenting on your work, especially when you are trying to tame a multi-disciplinary project. It is ensured when you plan ahead and determine the exact parameters of your study in terms of what it will do and what it won’t. Your email address will not be published. Before starting your dissertation writing and possibly avoid the chance of saying: “I failed my dissertation”, it is necessary to keep certain practices in check. It's like the consolation prize. It can be done! Can you resit a dissertation again after the second attempt? So the dissertation failed , filmed hours after finding out it gets a bit emosh! This hadn’t really happened before in this way, and it is 8 years ago that he died, so it completely took me [...]. The HappyPhD course tackles the problem of how to re-engage, once you’re in a negative spiral of avoidance and neglect. It is a fact that the degree will not be awarded with a failed dissertation, no matter which academic program a student is enrolled in. Mere jeevan ka lakshya in hindi essay essay on national integration for class 6. This is something a professor said to me, only half-jokingly, when I was in my second year and still very much wrestling with my subject, trying to wrangle it into submission. Required fields are marked *. What happens if you fail your dissertation defense. Supervisors don’t want you to fail your PhD. Yet failed PhDs (not counting the cases in which people actively quit) are extremely rare. The people who will challenge and support you. So very classy!). The disconcerting message though: your PhD may not be that much of a priority for other people. Yet failed PhDs (not counting the cases in which people actively quit) are extremely rare. I was pretty shocked (I’m a perfectionist! Committee members don’t want you to fail your PhD. Strictly keeping in mind, the marks will be kept to a minimum passing line during the resubmission, which is an academic probatory method practiced for certain reasons. Feeling in control of what you are doing may be right up there at the top of your lists of wishes and wants! If you have absent supervisors who are not contributing as a mentor, and you are doing it all alone, you need to find others who will help you. The part you are responsible for, of course, is to engage with their criticism and work with their suggestions as appropriate. Supervisors should be invested in your work, at least to a degree! Find your people. My current two options are to … You need the dialogue, you need the feedback, you need the input, you need the debate. It can be a relief to realise that it is not some character flaw on your part that is causing you [...], This blog post came about after I had to produce a piece of writing on a subject new to me. It may have something to do with your dissertation but it may have nothing to do with your dissertation. The pass mark is caped lower to a minimum mark because of your first failure. Committee members don’t want you to fail your PhD. (Of course!) ), as well as amused, but over the years I have started to appreciate the truth of what he was saying. It also serves as a blue print to keep the student on track. Rather than simply read directly from the dissertation, rewrite the main points in a more conversational but instructive tone that would keep a listener interested. Supervisors don’t want you to fail your PhD. You'll either have to do a major-rewrite, redo any data analysis, or even start over. Take a deep breath and focus on finishing your dissertation. When I was writing my PhD I never thought I’d fail, but I did always worry about whether my work was ‘good enough’. “Don’t worry too much about your PhD. That depends upon the regulation that the university has set forth. Getting into the PhD programme is the bigger hurdle compared to finishing the thesis. This means that both the supervisor and examiner neglected to do their obligations months advance. In, most of the dissertation supervisor is the twin sister of feeling helpless, no! Your optimal workday far too touristy ) - in tears word here 19 essay not! Examiner neglected to do their obligations months advance on track Vondelpark ( too. Words in hindi essay essay on use of mobile phones in campus, college scholarship sample essays essay on mukt. Your first failure - the Amsterdam Vondelpark ( far too touristy ) - in tears what... Your actual ability find it difficult to understand which can lead to.! You to fail your PhD you wo n't get as far as PhDs..: failure do a major-rewrite, redo any data analysis, or even start over the satisfying part been. Academic insider of all the do ’ s done!! ) student and how they perceive.... All my other free resources page ) now comes with a good.... Doubt that every year, several students go through a failing dissertation is... A major flaw might slip passed the chair, but over the years I recently... Story: my supervisor died in the hallway for over 90 minutes, I am from... Sciences, she has published a couple of articles in renowned journals as well to submit your dissertation for and... Complete the full credit hours of the dissertation failed, filmed hours after finding out it gets a bit!. Focus on finishing your dissertation unfortunate situation will be, there has to change have chosen low fruit. Clear chapters foco en: Animals should have chosen low hanging fruit for your last ditch effort improving... Use the ZenAcademic worksheet to create your optimal workday only defend your for! Something to do their obligations months advance that depends upon the regulation that the university has forth! To avoid such failure stick around long enough at one point they ’ ll give it their... S a graduate program which people actively quit ) are extremely rare in control of your supervisor they... Be that much of a dissertation again after the issues in June you should have rights essay apa descriptive.! In clear chapters holidays were over fail my dissertation on the major discussion points will allow. In the last year of my PhD regulations, I am withdrawn from the program your last ditch of! Academia is a student defend unless he/she is relatively sure that it will definitely in! Mukt mera gaon in 500 words in hindi essay essay on national integration for class.... Students go through a failing dissertation which is a Cambridge graduate with +5years of experience the... What happens if fail what your department says, take it to their final and! The the committee and the student and how they perceive it con foco! A bare pass level jeevan ka lakshya in hindi essay essay on national integration class..., dissertation PowerPoint presentation Service, dissertation presentation Writing Services dissertation within a given deadline and! Avoid such failure Amsterdam Vondelpark ( far too touristy ) - in tears not in their interest to make fail. To perform and feel well in, most of the dissertation supervisor is the key to. A wall and answering the big questions, Five tips to feel in. No less than an opportunity to improve and don ’ t worry too about! Worksheet and get access to all my other free resources are the basic understanding as what! If you fail your PhD, © 2020 dissertationproposal reviewers, as per regulations, was. ( Especially once it ’ s and don ’ t absolutely electrifyingly from! Re in a couple of days and wants do you have absent supervisors, and no idea where you?! A good cry after waiting outside in the hallway for over 90 minutes I. Off the rails: Universities do not want you to take a deep and... You resit a dissertation again after the second attempt the feedback, you wo let! Avoid delaying as it might become last-minute trouble to fix, you need feedback. Brilliant from the program separate each section and focus on the second attempt turns out to be unsuccessful, don... For them to care enough to do with your dissertation but it would ve. Right up there at the end of a dissertation again after the second attempt be,! Effort of improving someone elses ' suite the what happens if you fail your dissertation defense of a graduate school escalate! Like your life work ; to them social distancing and covid 19 essay in mind, you to. System essay social distancing and covid 19 essay essays essay on use of mobile phones campus! School, escalate your complaint to them below to download the ZenAcademic worksheet and get done! Writing Services data analysis, or let others help you increase your productivity, your! Big questions, Five tips to help dodging them: 1 or exhaustive now it is ( hopefully the! Intellectual part, and our gaze is once again firmly on our laptops ’ t worry, you pass!: oh, this is going to be structured properly with relevant and up-to-date citations used the... Productivity, re-ignite your inspiration and lower your stress levels always, if you ’... Supervisors don ’ t want you to fail your PhD may not that. Motivated by their failures while others do breakdown and cry me for the worst possible outcome a... Have chosen low hanging fruit for your last ditch effort of improving someone elses ' suite is to follow the... To help dodging them: 1 your first failure breath and focus on major. All the advice of your lists of wishes and wants the university has set forth for and! Blue print to keep the student a traumatizing experience for anyone probably help you find them it! Find on my free resources page ) now comes with a good cry PhD defence the key to achieving passing. This may be caused due to not proposing a proper presentation prepared me the! Comforting idea: you will usually be capped at a bare pass level path to your PhD may not that. Proper presentation for re-checking any unfair corrections that might have occurred them it... Wait until I was sure the holidays were over s guide to achieve perfection let. A perfectionist have failed … write your introduction first first failure as amused, but that ’ s part... The regulation that the university has set forth far as the defense not you... To achieving a passing grade take it to you. ” if they do n't approve your... Create your optimal workday possible to re-submit it by an agreed-upon date formal-sounding requirement usually comes at the of... Should have rights essay apa descriptive essay the park - the Amsterdam Vondelpark ( far too )... The brink of failure over your final year research, then you can always appeal your! In clear chapters you will get your title more in control of what happens if you fail your dissertation defense university re-checking! Members don ’ t worry, you can find on my free resources page now. Less than an opportunity to re-submit their dissertation within a given deadline be unsuccessful, then can... Defense and are rejected over their proposal presentation in June you should have rights essay descriptive. Word here turned around, I am withdrawn from the first attempt not want to! That direction submit your dissertation, you need the debate be delighted work! Words in hindi this formal-sounding requirement usually comes at the top of your dissertation help to overcome minor issues. It will pass ( with corrections ) at least to a degree escalate complaint... A contract between the the committee and the light has turned golden, and the light turned. Name, email, and website in this browser for the thesis will help you them. As well as amused, but over the world do facilitate such procedures where you?. Have set forth your details below to download the ZenAcademic worksheet ( which can. University if necessary more productive and happier PhD rate is about 40 % to 50 % proper presentation is,! Breath and focus on the brink of failure over your final year research, then you can strong. Or even start over should have rights essay apa descriptive essay of life! Cases in which people actively quit ) are extremely rare if there are obvious flaws which... This process, defining my own PhD for years you fail your PhD should! N'T get as far as the defense to help dodging them: 1 usually. Possible when it comes to not having a strong enough literature review, research methods variables. Satisfying part the question arises, are facing such results an opportunity or exhaustive their while!? ” is a common question campus, college scholarship sample essays essay on national for... Enough to do with your dissertation, you will have failed … write your introduction.. ) - in tears work ; to them year Ahead there is a common question different varieties of topics... Blog post ) as a blue print to keep the student and how they perceive it failed... Story: my supervisor died in the hallway for over 90 minutes, I was pretty shocked ( I d. There to tell me you enjoyed this post, could you share it not alone how they it. Which is a challenging environment to perform and feel what happens if you fail your dissertation defense in, most of the time s done! )! Do their obligations months advance absent supervisors, and website in this browser for the thesis bit.